Coronavirus disease or COVID 19 is a newly discovered coronavirus. It is an infectious disease that causes severe acute respiratory and common colds, affecting the upper respiratory tract, including the throat, sinuses, and nose. The SARS-cov-2 virus is the one responsible for the coronavirus disease.
COVID 19 was first identified in China last December 2019, and the outbreak spread rapidly around the City of Wuhan. Due to its rapid spread around the world, in March 2019, the World Health Organization declared COVID 19 as a pandemic.
The virus can be transmitted to people through droplets of saliva from an infected person. People with underlying medical conditions, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and chronic respiratory disease and older, are at high risk of this kind of disease—washing your hands, covering the mouth and nose while coughing may slow down the spread of the COVID 19.
The symptoms of COVID 19 may be seen or felt 2- 14 days after exposure to an infected person. The period after exposure to an infected and before having signs and symptoms is called the incubation period.
The common signs and symptoms of COVID 19 are:
The less common signs and symptoms are:
- Loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- A rash on the skin
- Discoloration of fingers or toes
- Aches and pains
The following are the symptoms you should not ignore. Severe symptoms may include:
- Loss of speech or movement
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Chest pain or pressure
Accurate and fast detection of the disease is essential to control the outbreak and spread of the disease. If you have symptoms or exposed to people who are COVID 19 positive, you may undergo testing. COVID 19 testing is still limited to those people who are exposed.
The COVID 19 testing may include the following:
The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction is the process of determining the coronavirus disease. This process used in identifying the presence of a particular genetic material from any pathogens such as viruses.
The following are the steps on how to perform RT-PCR.
- The health worker will collect a swab from your nose.
- They will collect stool or saliva samples.
- Removal of fluid by using aspirator from the lower respiratory tract
Some experts advise that patients undergo CT scan to help diagnose and get a clearer view of the parts where the virus has spread.
Currently, amidst the rapid spreading of the COVID 19, there is still no approved treatment or vaccines for the treatment of the disease, but physicians advise safety precautions.
Safety precautions include:
- Wash hands frequently.
- Always wear a mask or cloth to cover your mouth and nose.
- Do not touch the eyes, nose, mouth if you haven’t washed your hands with soap.
- Keep a safe distance from people; stay away at least two meters apart.
- Cover the mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze using your elbow.
- Disinfect your surroundings and things you bought.